What is aquascaping? - tells the portal WikiPet
Aquascaping in recent years has become increasingly popular with aquarists around the world. What is this, we decided to find out from a specialist. What is aquascaping?
Translated from English aquascaping is the creation of a water landscape, landscape, that is, the decoration of the aquarium, a kind of analogue of landscape design.
In aquascaping, the following areas are distinguished:
1. Dutch aquarium. This direction became widely known in the 60s of the last century. The key role belongs to densely planted plants, which in the complex form a real garden under water. Plants are zoned: divided by height. Distinctive features of the Dutch style: the contrast of red and green plants, as well as the path ("Leiden street"), which emphasizes the perspective of the aquarium. Fish may be absent altogether or there are few of them. The size of the aquarium is important: the length should be 2 to 3 times (or even more) exceed the height. And the height is equal to the width or a little more. To comply with the principles of the golden ratio in the proportions of the aquarium.
In the photo: aquascaping
2. Natural aquarium. This style is (like a bonsai) a small copy of a certain part of the land: a grove, a valley, rocks, etc. The composition is created with the participation of snags and stones (i.e. natural materials), as well as plants. The role of fish is secondary, they only complement the composition, without drawing the main attention.The concept of this trend belongs to the Japanese designer and photographer Takashi Amano. He wrote many books, thanks to which the natural aquarium became popular in 1994.
In the photo: aquascaping
A natural aquarium can be created in the following styles:
- Iwagumi (ishigumi), in which the main element is stones.
- Rioboku, where snags play a key role.
- A Zen garden that is created in accordance with Zen Buddhist philosophy. The main goal is to create an atmosphere of calm and tranquility.
- Wabi Kusa. This style requires the presence of both underwater and surface parts to simulate a bump or a floating island. These parts are not necessarily connected with each other, but stylistically must continue one another.
3. Landscape aquacomposition. Creation of full-fledged landscape paintings under the aquarium with the presence of paths, paths, waterfalls, caves and gorges, etc.
The equipment for aquascaping is the same as in conventional aquariums, but there are increased requirements for the presence of carbon dioxide in the water and lighting to ensure photosynthesis of plants. In addition, in order for the plants to grow well, they must be fertilized, sheared and transplanted.
You will need:
- Lighting: fluorescent lamps, decorative lamps, LED lamps, etc.
- Filtration: internal and external filters with different materials (activated carbon, synthetic winterizer, special microorganisms, etc.).
- Carbon dioxide supply: effervescent tablets, systems based on chemical reactions and fermentation, compressed gas cylinders.
- Regulation of water temperature: coolers and heaters.
- Tools for working with live plants (tweezers, scissors, spatula, etc.)
- Nutritious soil and fertilizer.
Additional decor elements may include a background (a film glued to the rear, and sometimes even to the side windows), stones, driftwood, decorative soil, plants, etc.
For more information on aquascaping, see http://www.aquaproscape.com/