Ara Blue-yellow - description, contents and care
Psittaci, Psittaciformes = Parrots, Parrots
Psittacidae = Parrots, Parrots
Psittacinae = Real Parrots
Ara = Macaw
Ara ararauna = Ara blue yellow
The upper part of the plumage of the body is bright blue, the sides of the neck, chest and stomach are orange-yellow. Tail coverts are bright blue. The throat is black. The cheeks in front are fledgling gray-white with black stripes. The beak is black, very strong and can peel nuts and gnaw branches of trees. Legs are brownish black. The iris is straw yellow. Length 80-95 cm, weight 900-1300g. The voice is loud and sharp.
Habitat and life in nature
Blue-and-yellow Macaw is common in South America - in the territory, stretching from Panama to Argentina. Under natural conditions, these parrots inhabit dense virgin forests. Very attached to the habitat. They lead a paired or solitary lifestyle, do not form flocks. They nest very high in hollows of trees or build nests on branches. Far from nesting, as a rule, they do not fly away. They also settle in mountainous regions to subalpine meadows, where they live in small flocks or in pairs. Hold in the crowns of tall trees.
Character and temperament
Blue-and-yellow macaws are popular as pets because of the beauty and ability to imitate human speech - they are capable of pronouncing several tens of words. However, they are difficult to maintain and require attention to their person (at least 1-3 hours a day).With a lack of communication, the blue-yellow macaw attracts attention with constant cries. And the strong loud voice of this parrot can annoy not only the owner, but also the neighbors. Especially in the voice, the blue-and-yellow macaw happens in the morning.
By nature, the blue-yellow macaw is very intelligent, cheerful, playful, courageous, loves to dance, some individuals can be jealous, therefore it is strictly forbidden to leave children and pets with a parrot outside the cage. Some people develop an allergy to blue and yellow macaws. Sometimes a bird develops sympathy only for a certain gender: for men or women.
The blue-and-yellow macaw loves to play, it requires constant physical and mental stress. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the pet with a large number of various toys: manipulators, simulators, forages, puzzles, etc. Use toys created only for large parrots, and to stimulate the interest of the pet, change them to new ones at least once a week.
Maintenance and care
Keep in mind that macaw is a rather large bird, therefore, for it, enclosure or keeping in a separate room is desirable. There should not be sources of danger (gratings, sockets, etc.), and the parrot will be able to move and fly freely. If a cage is selected for containment, then it must be all-metal, welded, with thick rods. Remember that macaws constantly gnaw on various objects, even biting through steel wire.It is better to put padlocks on the cage door, as these smart birds quickly adapt to open constipation.
The minimum cell size should be 90x90x150 cm. It is placed at a height of 0.9-1.2 m from the floor. The cage should contain a hardwood birdhouse that the macaw will use all year round. Branches of fruit trees are mandatory so that the parrot can nibble them and sharpen their beak. You will also need a bath with clean water, because the blue-and-yellow Macaw loves to swim. You can spray the bird from the spray gun. Any material that absorbs moisture well should be placed at the bottom of the cell.
Care is to maintain cleanliness in the cage or aviary. Every day you need to clean the water bowl, toy feeders - as they become dirty. It is necessary to wash and disinfect the cell once a week, and to clean the bottom - daily. The enclosure is cleaned and disinfected once a month, and complete disinfection is carried out twice a year.
Parrots contained in the cells are allowed to fly 1-2 times a day in a room where there are no sources of danger.
The adult blue-and-yellow macaw should be fed 2 times a day. 60-70% of the total diet should consist of cereal seeds! Blue-and-yellow macaws, like all large parrots, have highly developed food conservatism. But, despite their preferences, it is necessary to diversify their diet as much as possible.
So, parrots eat vegetables, fruits and berries well (in limited quantities apples, pears, bananas, mountain ash, blueberries, raspberries, persimmons, cherries, peaches). In a limited amount, you can give crackers and fresh Peking porridge cabbage, dandelion leaves, hard-boiled egg. From vegetables - carrots and cucumbers. Your macaw will also like peanuts and walnuts.You can give citrus fruits, but only occasionally small pieces and only sweet ones.
As often as possible, the pet should be pampered with fresh branches of fruit trees, the bark of which contains the minerals and vitamins necessary for the birds. The branches can be either small or rather thick - for a macaw it will not be difficult to gnaw them. Water needs to be changed daily.
For breeding macaws certain conditions are necessary. Birds should be kept in an indoor aviary year-round and separately from other birds. A constant air temperature of around 20 ° C and humidity of 80% must be maintained.
In addition to daylight, the room is illuminated with incandescent and fluorescent lamps so that the photoperiod is 15 hours — light, 9 hours — darkness.
The size of the enclosure should be 1.9x1.6x2.9m, with a wooden floor covered with sand, on top of which it is necessary to lay sod.
A 120-liter barrel with a square hole in the butt-end of 17x17 cm or a nest house of 70x50x50cm in size, a round notch diameter of 15 cm and its height from the bottom of the house - 25 cm can be horizontally attached to the ceiling horizontally under the ceiling.
As nesting litter, wood chips and sawdust are used.