Breed Standard Miniature FCI Bull Terrier
The description of the miniature bull terrier is officially enshrined in the breed standard.
Group 3. Terriers.
In the photo: miniature bull terrier. Photo: akc.org
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is reliably known that in the 1950s, James Hinks was the first to breed a new breed of dog, selecting individuals with an egg-shaped head. The breed, in its present form, was first shown in Birmingham in 1862. Bull Terrier Club was founded in 1887. A really interesting point in the standard is the phrase: “There are no limits in either weight or height. But the dog should look as powerful as possible for its size, according to type and gender. ” The dog should always look balanced.
Small bull terriers have been known since the beginning of the 19th century, but they were not popular until the First World War and were excluded from the Kennel Club breed register in 1918. In 1938, Colonel Richard Glen and a group of enthusiasts led a campaign to revive medium-sized bull terriers by registering the Club of Miniature Bull Terriers. The standard is identical to the bull terrier standard with the exception of growth restrictions.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strong build, muscular, well balanced and active, with a sharp, decisive and intelligent expression. A unique feature of this breed is the ovoid shape of the head with its muzzle down.Regardless of their size, males should look courageous and females more feminine
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Fearless, full of strength, with a cheerful character. A balanced temperament, subject to discipline. Although stubborn, he treats people exceptionally well.
HEAD: Long, strong and deep to the very end of the muzzle, but not coarse. When viewed from the front - ovoid, well filled along the entire length, its entire surface without depressions or indentations. The profile gently drops down from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose.
Skull: The upper part of the skull is almost flat from ear to ear.
Nose: The nose should be black. The nose is bent down at the end. The nostrils should be well open.
Lips: Dry and tight.
Jaws / Teeth: The lower jaw is deep and strong. The teeth are healthy, white, strong, of good size, of regular shape, with excellent regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth are densely located on lower teeth, located vertically in the jaws.
Eyes: They look narrow and triangular, obliquely set, black or as dark as possible brown, seeming almost black, with a piercing gaze. The distance from the tip of the nose to the eyes is noticeably greater than from the eyes to the occipital protuberance. Blue or partially blue eyes are undesirable.
Ears: Small, thin, erect, set close together. The dog should hold them vertically, ends straight up.
NECK: Very muscular, long, curved, tapering from the shoulder blades to the head, without folds of skin.
CASE: With a pronounced curvature of the rounded ribs, it is very deep from the withers to the sternum, with respect to which, the abdomen is somewhat matched.
Back: Short and strong. The back is straight behind the withers, slightly convex in the lumbar region.
Loin: Broad and muscular.
Chest: Seen from the front, wide.
Bottom line and abdomen: The bottom line from the chest to the abdomen forms a smooth ascending curve.
TAIL: Short, low set, carried horizontally. At the base thick, tapering to an end.
General view: The dog should stand firmly on its feet, and the limbs should be strictly parallel. In adult dogs, the length of the forelimbs should be approximately equal to the depth of the chest.
Shoulders: Strong and muscular, but not overloaded. The shoulder blades are wide, flat, tightly adjacent to the chest, obliquely set, form almost right angles with the humerus bones.
Elbows: Parallel to the body, strong.
Forearm: Strong and strong, with rounded bones.
Metacarpus: Vertically set.
Forefeet: Rounded and compact, with well-arched toes.
General view: The hind limbs when viewed from the rear are parallel.
Knee joints: Well defined.
Shins: Well developed.
Hocks: With good angles.
Metatarsus: Massive, short and strong.
Hind feet: Rounded and compact, with well-arched toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: In movement, the dog looks firmly folded, moves flexibly, freely and lightly, with a typical smug look. On trot, the front and hind limbs move parallel to each other, and only at higher speeds, they approach the center line.The forelimbs capture the space well, the hind limbs in the hips move freely, flexing well in the knee and hock joints with a powerful push.
SKIN: Tight fitting.
Coat: Short, straight, and even hard to the touch, with a clear sheen. In winter there may be an undercoat of soft texture.
Color: For white - pure white. Pigmentation of the skin and spots on the head are acceptable. For color - color should be predominant, other things being equal, tiger is preferable.
Acceptable: black - brindle, red, fawn and tricolor colors. Speckles on white wool are undesirable. Blue and liver colors are highly undesirable.
Miniature Bull Terrier: Dimensions
The height at the withers of the miniature bull terrier should not exceed 35.5 cm. There should be an impression of power corresponding to the growth of the dog. Weight is not limited, but the dog should look harmonious.
DISADVANTAGES / DEFECTS:
Any deviation from the above provisions should be considered as a flaw, and the seriousness with which this flaw should be assessed must be proportionate to the degree of its severity, as well as its effect on the health and well-being of the dog.
• Aggression or cowardice.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified.
Note: Males should have two normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.