Chihuahua: breed history and origin
Chihuahua breed history full of legends and myths. There is no exact information about the origin of the Chihuahua.
In the photo: Chihuahua dog. Photo: wikipet
One hypothesis is that Chihuahuas, as a breed, originated on the land of the Aztecs. Another theory relates the history of the Chihuahua breed to the Toltec lands - ancient Native American tribes, as well as to the Mayan civilization. The third version brings the ancestors of the Chihuahua to Egypt. Also attributed to these dogs are Japanese, Chinese and Maltese roots and even an alien origin.
Be that as it may, the history of the Chihuahua breed goes back centuries. And the name of these dogs are due to a province located in the north of Mexico. It was there that Chihuahuas were first discovered in their modern form.
There is no consensus on why people needed these dogs. There is a legend according to which Chihuahuas were raised for meat, another version is directly opposite and makes these dogs sacred animals. It is also believed that Chihuahuas of silver-blue color played the role of harriers of the Blue Stone of the Indians.
As an independent breed, Chihuahua was first recognized in the United States. They were first presented at an exhibition in Philadelphia in 1884. The American Club of Breed Lovers was formed in 1923, and in 1949 they created the English Club of Chihuahua Lovers. 1954 was marked by the adoption of the first Anglo-American Chihuahua breed standard.
In 1956, the breed was divided into a long-haired and a short-haired variety.It is believed that toy-terriers also flow in smooth-haired chihuahuas, and papillons and Pomeranian spitz in long-haired.
Nowadays, Chihuahua is considered the national breed of Mexico. These tiny dogs are popular all over the world (they invariably are among the twenty most popular breeds), but especially there are a lot of them in the UK, Canada, the USA and Latin America.