Newfoundland FCI standard and breed description
In the photo: Newfoundland
Newfoundland FCI Standard No. 50/06/11/1996
PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD
Heavy cargo transportation, water dog
Group 2. Pinschers, Schnauzers, Molossians, Mountain Dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs
No performance testing.
BRIEF HISTORICAL REVIEW
The breed originated on Newfoundland Island from local dogs and a large black bear dog imported by the Vikings after 1100. With the advent of European fishermen, a variety of new breeds helped shape and re-restore the breed, but the basic characteristics remained. When the island was colonized in 1610, the Newfoundland breed was already largely formed, possessing proper morphology and behavior. These features allowed dogs to carry out their lifeguard duties on the water and carry heavy loads in extremely harsh climatic conditions.
Massive dog with a powerful muscular body and well-balanced movements.
MOST IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
The length of the body from the shoulder-shoulder joint to the sciatic tuber is greater than the height at the withers. The case is compact. The body of a female may be slightly more stretched and less massive than a male. The distance from the withers to the underside of the chest is slightly greater than the distance from the underside of the chest to the ground.
BEHAVIOR AND CHARACTER
Newfoundland is a combination of dignity with friendliness and gentleness. Majestic and cheerful, he is known for genuine nobleness and serenity.
Massive. The head of a bitch is characterized by the same indicators as that of a male, but less massive.
Skull: wide, slightly convex, with a well-developed occipital protuberance.
Stop:pronounced, but not sharp.
Nose: large, well pigmented, with well-developed nostrils. Color: black with black and white and black; brown in brown dogs.
Muzzle: square, deep and moderately short, covered with short soft hair, without wrinkles. The corners of the mouth are prominent, but not excessive.
Bite: scissors or straight.
Eyes: relatively small, moderately deep-set, widely spaced and do not express passivity, dark brown in black and white and black dogs, lighter shades are allowed in brown.
Ears: relatively small, triangular with rounded ends, set high on the sides of the head and tightly fitting. When the adult dog’s ear is turned forward, it reaches the inner corner of the eye from the same side.
Strong, muscular, well set, long enough to carry the head correctly should not have a pronounced suspension.
With a well-developed skeleton. Seen from the side, the hull is deep and strong.
Top line: straight from the withers to the croup.
Loin: strong and well muscled.
Croup: wide and inclined at an angle of approximately 30 °.
Chest: wide, voluminous and deep, with good bending of the ribs.
Belly and Bottom Line: almost flat, not matched.
The front legs are straight and parallel both on the step and on the slow trot.
Shoulder blades: muscular, sloping.
Elbows: pressed to the chest.
Metacarpus: slightly slanted.
Front legs: large and proportional to the body, rounded, assembled, with strong and compact fingers. Membranes between the fingers are present.
Since the performance of dogs intended for carrying heavy loads or swimming is largely dependent on the development of the hind limbs, this part is most important. The pelvis should be strong, wide and long enough.
Hips: broad and muscular.
Lap: well bent, but not so much that the dog seemed crouched.
Shins: strong and fairly long.
Hock joints: relatively short, lowered down and well spaced, directed backward, parallel, not deployed either inward or outward.
Hind legs: assembled and durable. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed.
The tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland swims so it is strong and wide at the base. In the free state, the tail is lowered down or slightly bent at the end, reaching or lowering just below the hock joint. When the dog is in motion or when excited, the tail runs straight with a slight bend up, but never throws itself on its back and is not pulled.
GAIT AND MOVEMENT
Newfoundland moves with a good foreleg and a strong push of the hind limbs, creating the impression of lightness and power. A slight rolling of the back is natural. With increasing speed, the limbs are placed close to the center line under the body, the top line remains stationary.
Newfoundland has a water-repellent double coat. The remaining coat is moderately long and straight, without curl, a small wave is permissible. The undercoat is soft and dense, more pronounced in winter than in summer, but is always present on the croup and chest. The hair on the head, face and ears is short and soft. Fore and hind legs with brushes. The tail is completely covered with long, thick hair, but does not form a “flag”. Trimming and cutting are not encouraged.
Black, white, black and brown.
- Black: the traditional color is as uniform as possible, but a slight tan is acceptable. White marks on the chest, fingers and / or tip of the tail are acceptable.
- White and Black: This species has been historically defined for the breed. A black head with a white borehole in the muzzle, a black saddle with even marks, black croup and the top of the tail are preferred. The rest should be white with a minimum of speckles.
- Brown: brown color ranges from chocolate to bronze. White marks on the chest, fingers and / or tip of the tail are acceptable. White-black and brown dogs are shown in the same class as black.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Average height at the withers: for adult males 71 cm, for adult females 66 cm. The average weight is approximately 68 kg for males, approximately 54 kg for females.
Large size is desirable, but should not be preferred proportionality, the correct addition, power and proper movement of the dog.
Any deviations from the above standard should be considered as defects and penalized in proportion to the degree of deviation.
- General view: long-legged, lack of substance.
- The structure of the skeleton: friability, poverty
- Character: aggressiveness or timidity.
- Head: narrow.
- Muzzle: Pointed or long.
- Lip: overdeveloped.
- Eyes: round, convex, yellow eyes, passive.
- Back: sagging, weak or convex.
- Tail: short, long, with a hook on the tip, hall.
- Forelegs: low metacarpus, open fingers, deployed paws, underdeveloped membranes between the fingers.
- Hind limbs: straightened knees, cow, barrel-shaped limbs, pigeon (flat) fingers.
- Gait and movement: mincing, shuffling, yawing, braiding gait, narrow set of limbs, swinging, marking or pronounced barrel-shaped, overwhelming, amble.
- Coat: completely “open” coat. Underdeveloped undercoat.
- Bad temperament.
- Snack or overshot bent jaw.
- Short and smooth coat.
- Marks of any color other than white on a black or brown dog.
- Any other color than black, white-black or brown.
Note: males should have two normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.